Food Allergy: Causes and Prevention

Food allergy is an allergic reaction that arises after eating certain foods. Symptoms can include nausea and vomiting, swelling of the face, shortness of breath, until loss of consciousness.

Food allergies occur when the immune system considers protein in food to be a threat to the body. As a form of response, the body releases chemical compounds that trigger allergic reactions.

Reactions arising from food allergies are often mild. But in some cases, food allergies can be life-threatening. Therefore, it is important to know how to prevent and relieve allergic reactions that arise.

Food Allergy Symptoms

In some people, food allergies can cause the sufferer to feel uncomfortable even if it is not too severe. Symptoms often appear within minutes to two hours after eating allergy-triggered foods.

The symptoms of food allergies that appear are the same as common allergic reactions, namely:

  • Colds or nasal congestion.
  • An itchy skin rash.
  • Itching in the mouth, throat, eyes, and in other parts of the body.
  • Swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • It’s hard to swallow and talk.
  • Shortness of breath.

People with food allergies can also feel symptoms in the gastrointestinal tract, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. These symptoms can also be caused by food intolerance.

When to see a doctor

Check yourself or your child with a doctor if any of the above symptoms appear after eating certain foods. Tell the doctor about the food you just consumed.

In some people, food allergies can trigger a serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Administer epinephrine injections and immediately to IGD when anaphylactic symptoms appear, such as:

  • Heart palpitations
  • Dizziness and dark outlook
  • Cold sweats
  • Loss of consciousness

Consult a pediatric professional about the possibility of children getting allergies and what to look out for if there are families suffering from allergic diseases, such as food allergies, asthma, or allergic rhinitis.

Causes of Allergies

Food allergies occur when the immune system mistakenly considers proteins in certain foods as a threat to the body. In response, the body releases an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE), in order to neutralize the allergy triggers (allergens) in the food.

When a person returns to eat the food even if it is few, IgE will stimulate the body to secrete a chemical compound called histamine into the bloodstream. Histamine is what causes the onset of allergic symptoms.

Food allergies usually last from childhood, but sometimes also only appear when a person is an adult. Foods that cause allergies tend to differ in adults and children.

In adults, allergic reactions may appear after eating the following foods:

  • Fish
  • Shells
  • Shrimp
  • Crab
  • Legumes

While in children, common foods causing allergies include:

  • Beans
  • Wheat
  • Soy
  • Egg
  • Cow’s milk

It is not yet known why in some cases, new food allergies appear in adulthood.

Food Allergy Risk Factors

Food allergies are more at risk of being experienced by people suffering from other allergies, such as allergic rhinitis or asthma. People who have been exposed to allergies to one type of food are also more susceptible to allergies to other types of food.

Other factors that can increase a person’s risk of developing food allergies are:

Under five years old.
Have a family suffering from a history of allergies, such as asthma.

Food Allergy Diagnosis

To determine food allergies, the doctor asks the patient what symptoms, what foods are consumed before the symptoms appear, as well as the health history of the patient and his family. After that, a physical examination will be carried out to distinguish the symptoms of food allergies from those in other conditions.

Next, the doctor will run an allergy test that includes:

Skin allergy test

In the allergy test on the skin, the patient’s skin will be pierced with a small needle. After that, the doctor will insert a little protein in the food that is suspected to cause allergies to the area of the skin that was punctured earlier to see the reaction.

Blood test

A patient’s blood sample will be taken to measure specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels. If certain food-related IgE levels are high enough in the patient’s blood, it means that the patient has an allergy to the food.
Food tests

Patients will be asked to avoid the type of food that is suspected to be the cause of allergies for 1-2 weeks. If the patient is allergic to this type of food, then during that period the patient will not experience an allergic reaction, and will again experience it if the food is re-consumed.

The doctor may also ask the patient to eat foods suspected of being allergic triggers in small portions, then the portion is increased slowly. If no allergic reaction appears during the test, then the patient is allowed to eat the food.

Food Allergy Treatment

The best way to deal with food allergies is to avoid food-causing allergies. However, a person may have consumed the food by accident. When this happens, there are several drugs that can be used to relieve symptoms.

If the symptoms appear relatively mild, sufferers can use antihistamines that are sold freely. If symptoms are still felt, the sufferer can see a doctor to be given antihistamines at higher doses.

When anaphylactic symptoms appear, sufferers should be taken to a hospital IGD to be given epinephrine injections. Once the symptoms are gone, the doctor will ask the patient to always take the injection.

It is important to understand how to use injectable epinephrine, when the symptoms of food allergies you experience are quite severe. Also, teach people who are often near you, such as family or coworker, how to use the injections when you have anaphylaxis.

Be sure to replace the epinephrine before the expiration date, and replace the syringe if it is not working properly.

Food Allergy Complications

In severe cases, food allergies can cause anaphylaxis, i.e. allergic reactions that can be dangerous. Anaphylaxis can last a few minutes even seconds after exposure to allergic triggers.

Food Allergy Prevention

The way to prevent food allergic reactions is to avoid foods that can trigger allergies. This may be a bit of a hassle for sufferers, but it still needs to be done to avoid more serious conditions.

Take the following steps to prevent food allergic reactions:

  • Read what content is contained in each food package to be consumed.
  • Bring allergy-free snacks if you want to go outdoors. This will help when you find it difficult to find allergy-free foods
  • If you want to eat at a restaurant, tell the waiter or cook about what foods should not be consumed.
  • Make sure food purchased outside is not processed and served in places previously used to process allergy-trigger foods.
  • In infants, the introduction of food causes of allergies, such as peanuts, early on can lower the risk of such food allergies in later life.

You also need to wear a special bracelet that lists that you are suffering from food allergies. This bracelet will help when an allergic reaction appears and you have difficulty communicating. If the food allergic reaction is severe enough, consult a doctor about the need to carry an epinephrine injection.

Easy To Overcome Sunburnt Skin

Sunburnt skin often occurs when a person sunbathes for too long in the sun. Not only does it interfere with appearance, it also causes pain in the skin. To solve this, there are a few simple ways that can be done to overcome sunburnt skin.

Sunburn or sunburn is a skin condition that occurs due to exposure to excess UV rays from the sun. This condition usually appears within a few hours after too long in the sun without the use of sunscreen or covered clothing.

When experiencing sunburn, the skin will be reddish, slightly swollen, itchy, and feel warm and sore when touched. In some cases, sunburned skin can even suffer quite severe damage, such as blistering and peeling.

Various Ways to Overcome Sunburn

The treatment of sunburnt skin aims to relieve the symptoms that appear. When the skin experiences this condition, try the following ways to relieve the symptoms and help the skin recovery process:

1. Give a cold compress on the skin

Sunburned skin will generally experience inflammation characterized by redness. Well, one easy way to overcome this inflammation is to compress it using a cold towel for 10–15 minutes.

Compress cold towels can be made by dimming towels into cold water or ice water. Do a cold compress several times a day.

2. Soak with natural ingredients

In addition to cold compresses, you can also take care of sunburned skin by bathing or soaking in cold water for 15 minutes. However, avoid soaking in chlorine-containing pools as it can make the skin more irritated.

To help overcome sunburn, you can also put some natural ingredients in the bath for a soak. The following are some of the natural ingredients in question:

Whole grains, to reduce itching of burning skin.
Apple vinegar, to restore the pH balance of the skin and speed up the healing process.
Baking soda, to relieve redness and relieve irritation.
Essential oils, such as chamomile or lavender, to help reduce pain or pain in sunburned skin.

Avoid rubbing the skin while soaking or afterwards. Simply dry the affected area by gently patting the skin using a towel.

3. Use natural ingredients in the kitchen

There are many natural ingredients in the kitchen that you can use to overcome the pain and peeling skin due to sunburn, among them cucumber, aloe vera, honey, as well as olive oil and sesame oil.

These ingredients contain antioxidants, antinyeri, and natural anti-inflammatory that can restore the condition of injured and damaged skin due to sunburn.

Using it is quite simple, you just need to cool the cucumber or aloe vera, then puree it with a blender and apply it directly on the skin for a few minutes. Meanwhile, honey and oil can be applied directly to the skin.

4. Increase drinking water

When your skin is sunburned, it will look drier. Not only that, but you’re also at risk of dehydration.

Therefore, try to multiply drinking water or fruit juice to replace the lost bodily fluids. With sufficient bodily fluids, sunburned skin will also be hydrated and recover faster.

5. Use medicines

If there is unbearable pain or pain, you can alleviate it by taking painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol.

In addition, you can also use smear drugs such as corticosteroids to relieve inflammation of the skin. However, the use of these drugs should be consulted to the doctor first.

In addition to the above ways, you can also do the following to relieve sunburn complaints and speed up skin healing when sunburn:

  • Use moisturiser when sunburned skin begins to peel off.
  • Wear soft clothing that covers the skin when outdoors until the sunburned skin heals completely.
  • Avoid squeezing the blisters that appear to prevent infection. If the blister shatters, clean with water and pat gently with a soft cloth.
  • Avoid cleaning sunburnt skin with harsh chemical soaps, such as soaps that contain fragrances and antibacterials.

Sunburnt skin is really uncomfortable, isn’t it? Well, in order not to repeat, it is best to take precautionary measures when you want to do activities in the sun.

Don’t forget to regularly use sunscreen with SPF 30 or more before going outdoors. Also avoid direct sun exposure by wearing long-sleeved clothing, wide-edged hats, and SUNGLASSES that have UV protection.

Sunburnt skin is a fairly common condition and can usually recover within a week. However, sunburn should not be taken lightly.

Burns to the skin due to very strong and repetitive sunburn can cause more severe skin damage. This damage to the skin can trigger the appearance of wrinkles, black spots, to increase the risk of skin cancer.

Benefits of Green Tea for Health

The benefits of green tea for the health of the body have been discussed for centuries. Research conducted in recent decades shows that green tea contains high antioxidants, can prevent cancer, good for heart health, also helps maintain weight.

Green tea comes from the plant species Camellia sinensis. The drink originally originated in China. Green tea can be served in hot, cold, honey-blended, or made tea without sugar. Green tea can also be mixed with jasmine into jasmine tea or processed into matcha tea powder. Not only delicious to drink, you can also reap the benefits of green tea from the various nutrients contained in it.

The Ingredients and Benefits of Green Tea That Are Good For The Body

One of the benefits of green tea that is good for the body comes from its high antioxidant content (polyphenols). Antioxidants themselves have uses in fighting free radicals in the body. Excess free radicals can damage the body’s cells, causing premature aging and causing diseases, such as cancer.

Another benefit of green tea is from the catechin compounds contained in it. Catechin compounds on green tea have a good impact in stopping oxidative damage to the body’s cells. Green tea also contains B vitamins, folic acid, manganese, potassium, magnesium, and caffeine.

Benefits of Green Tea For Health

The benefits of green tea in overcoming the disease have not been fully proven to be strong. However, it does not take green tea regularly and in reasonable portions to maintain health. Some of the benefits of green tea that can be obtained by the body if regularly consumed are:

1. Lower high cholesterol and risk of heart disease

A study concluded that green tea is good for lowering bad cholesterol levels and is able to raise levels of good cholesterol. Results from other studies suggest that polyphenols in green tea are likely able to block cholesterol from being absorbed by the gut while helping to get rid of it.

Several other studies have concluded that antioxidants in green tea have an effective possibility of preventing the narrowing of blood vessels, especially in coronary artery disease.

2. Fight cancer cells

The researchers revealed that polyphenols have a role in helping kill cancer cells and stop cancer growth. In laboratory and animal experiments, the content of polyphenols in green tea was shown to reduce tumor growth.

For people, consuming green tea regularly is likely to lower the risk of ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer. Unfortunately, more and more thorough research is still needed on the effects of green tea on cancer.

3. Prevent diabetes

Monitored green tea has a good influence on diabetes. Research shows that the benefits of green tea can improve insulin performance as well as help reduce blood sugar levels in diabetics.

4. Lose Weight

A clinical trial shows that green tea is beneficial in burning fat and boosting the body’s metabolism. The researchers designated the catechins contained in green tea as the ingredient responsible for burning body fat. But the study of this itself is still not significant and still needs further proof.

5. Stabilizes blood pressure

A study showed that those who regularly consumed green tea were seen to have lower and controlled blood pressure levels than those who rarely consumed green tea. Nevertheless, the results of this study still need to be ascertained with further research.

The thing to note is that not only one food or drink can protect a person from disease. Even if we benefit from green tea by drinking it every day, it will all be worth it if our lifestyle remains bad.

Therefore, do not rely entirely on one type of intake only, but keep an eye on your diet, exercise routine, adequate sleep, and manage your stress levels well.

Healthy and Beautiful with Raw Food Diet

Healthy lifestyles are increasingly popular, including living a healthy diet or diet. One of the most trending diets in recent times is raw food diets. Before you practice this type of diet, let’s get to know the raw food diet more.

As the name suggests, a raw food diet is a diet in which the person who goes through it eats only raw food, or food that goes through little processing process. The recommended cooking temperature limit in this diet is between 40 – 48 degrees Celsius.

In addition, food should also not be processed in any way, such as pasteurized (turning off germs with high-temperature heating) or sprayed pesticides.

This raw food diet theory assumes that the cooking process can destroy the nutrients in the food, so it is better to eat fresh food. This raw food diet is believed to be able to nourish digestion, so that food can be more easily absorbed by the body, and help reduce the risk of the appearance of certain diseases.

What Are the Benefits of Raw Food Diets?

The effectiveness of this diet is actually still in the study. However, there are several benefits offered or claimed by raw food diets, namely:

  • Lowers the risk of heart disease. Because this diet involves a lot of fruit and vegetable consumption, it is thought to help reduce blood pressure and maintain heart health. However, the certainty of the benefits of this raw food diet still needs to be studied further.
  • Lowers bad cholesterol, due to the reduced consumption of saturated fats.
  • Lower body mass index, which also means overcoming being overweight. This is because foods consumed on raw food diets tend to be low in calories.
  • Make the skin look fresher.
  • Healthy digestion, because the recommended foods in this diet are rich in fiber content.
  • Increases the metabolism of the body.

What’s the Food List?

Below are some types of foods that can be included as a daily menu in the raw food diet:

  • All fruits and vegetables are fresh, or dried.
  • Nuts, oats, and grains are raw or water-soaked.
  • Fresh juice without added sugar.
  • Young coconut water or mineral water.
  • Fermented foods, such as kimchi or sauerkraut.
  • Eggs and processed milk are raw, such as yogurt.
  • Plant-based milks such as nut milk or wheat milk.
  • Dried meat.
  • Organic food that has not gone through the processing process, or processed using a temperature of no more than 48 degrees Celsius.
  • Seafood includes raw sea fish (e.g. sushi or sashimi) and seaweed.
  • Chocolate made from cocoa or cocoa beans that do not go through the burning process.

Healthy anyway, But Be Careful and Pay Attention to It

The benefits offered by this raw food diet may make you interested to try it. But, don’t rush it. Pay close attention and remember, some of these foods may not be safe to consume in a raw state as they can contain germs or toxins.

Foods not recommended for raw or no processing are red beans, cassava, mushrooms, peas, kapri beans, eggs, meat, and milk. Fresh, high-quality fish can still be consumed, for example as a sashimi or sushi dish. But, to make it safer, it is best to add wasabi to eradicate the bacteria in it.

Another risk that also needs to be considered when going on this diet is malnutrition. Intake of iron, omega-3, protein, vitamin B12, vitamin D, calcium, and selenium could be lacking because the types of foods consumed in this diet are very limited.

Remember, not all foods fit into a raw food diet. It is recommended to process food before consumption to be free from germ contamination. However, still use a healthy way of processing, such as boiling or baking. If you have a specific health condition, it is advisable to consult a doctor first before trying a raw food diet.